A bed is only a functional and comfortable place to sleep when it is equipped with the right mattress and a matching slatted frame.
First of all, two important requirements are placed on the mattress: It must adapt to the entire body when lying down or sleeping and at the same time provide good support so that the spine is ergonomically well supported. These mentioned characteristics of the mattress should also be maintained in changing sleeping positions.
Various types of mattresses are available on the market, which are characterized by very different abilities and have different advantages and disadvantages. In this article we will explain mattresses in general and details about individual mattress types.
The optimal body adaptation
In the supine position, the mattress should follow the shape of the spine so that it is supported in its natural double-S shape.
It is important here that the thighs and upper body form a horizontal line and that no angle is created by a pelvis that is too low.
If you turn on your side, your shoulders and hips should only sink into the mattress so far that the spine is a horizontal straight line. If you choose a mattress that is too soft or too hard, your posture will not be supported sufficiently or too strongly.
This can cause the shoulder and pelvic area to tilt. Such an incorrect posture is often the cause of sleep disorders. Excessive pressure points can also restrict blood circulation, which resulted in lack of sleep and chronic pain.
Mattresses and the sleeping climate
In addition to optimal adaptability, a mattress must be able to absorb and release moisture. A sufficient air supply from below – i.e. from the slat base – plays an important role in this respect.
To ensure good bed hygiene, it is advisable to ensure that the mattress cover is removable and washable. If this is also quilted with a climate fleece that can absorb moisture, you will have a dry and warm sleeping climate.
However, as the sleeping climate is only partly dependent on the mattress, the use of a suitable duvet cover is essential for optimum results. → further information about duvets…
The different types of mattresses and their characteristics:
Cross section of a latex mattress Latex mattresses provide a soft and comfortable feeling when lying down and have the greatest point elasticity.
They are characterized by a high degree of dimensional stability. In order to achieve the necessary supporting force, latex mattresses should have a slightly thicker core.
Despite the relative softness of latex, the body is optimally supported when lying down. High-quality latex mattresses are very durable and can easily last for ten years.
Like all other types of mattresses, latex mattresses are also available in different degrees of hardness, so that people with a higher body weight will also find a suitable latex mattress.
Cold foam mattresses
Cross-section of a cold foam mattress Cold foam mattresses, in contrast to latex mattresses, have a very low dead weight and an area-elastic surface.
Their core has a high supporting force and has a long service life. Because every mattress has to be turned regularly, this type of mattress is a little more comfortable to handle.
Furthermore, cold foam mattresses are characterized by good air permeability and breathability. They are also available in different degrees of hardness.
Visco foam mattresses
Cross-section of a visco-foam mattressVisco-foam mattresses adapt to the body shape due to their own body temperature and “remember” your contours for a few seconds after being relieved.
The body is ideally and almost weightlessly bedded in every position, which can alleviate back problems and other complaints.
Visco foam mattresses are generally not suitable for people who sleep very restlessly, as the temporary “lying hollow” formed in the mattress restricts movement.
Visco-foam mattresses were originally developed as products for medical supply stores because they offer bedridden persons optimum lying comfort. Nowadays, visco-foam mattresses can be found in every good bed store due to their remarkable properties.
Cross-section of a gel mattressGel mattresses (also known as gel foam or Gelax® mattresses) are among the innovations of recent years. Because they combine the positive properties of visco- and cold foam.
These mattresses therefore offer the precise adaptability and almost weightless lying sensation of visco-foam, but independent of temperature. A further advantage of gel foam mattresses: They have a quick recovery ability and remind you